CARAL TOURS - PERU VACATIONS - CARAL TRAVEL INFORMATION

CARAL THE HE OLDEST TOWN IN THE NEW WORLD: the oldest town in the New World
In 2001, the oldest town in South America was officially announced. Dating to 2600 BC, it pushed back the date for the “first town” with one millennium. What is even more intriguing, is that the town of Caral has pyramids, contemporary with the Egyptian Pyramid Era

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Peruvian cuisine is today’s boom, says La Nacion

Lima, Jan. 18 (ANDINA).- There is no doubt that the “boom” of the Peruvian gastronomy in the world is not a nationalist fantasy but a reality recognized around the world.
Besides the compliments from Asia and Europe, now we have compliments from Argentine specialists interviewed by daily La Nacion.

“Peru is today’s boom in gastronomy, it has a rich cuisine with different flavors and ingredients, and a fusion of many years because of the Japanese immigration,” said the specialist Esteban Brenman in an article of the journalist Emilia Subiza.

Brenman says that the ethnic cuisine is going through different tendencies and there was a time when France was the protagonist, and then was Japan, and now, it is Peru’s turn.

In the article, its author makes a selection of 5 exclusive restaurants located in Buenos Aires that are “able to take you to different places of the world with flavors and imagination”.

Among the chosen restaurants were La Bourgogne (France), Bengal (India), Yuki (Japan), Italpast (Italy) and Astrid y Gaston (Peru).

Loreto region seeks to become gastronomic capital of Peruvian jungle

Iquitos, Jan. 18 (ANDINA).- The Regional Director of Foreign Trade, Tourism and Handicrafts for Loreto, Mauro Guimet, said Sunday that this year they will seek to position this area as the gastronomic capital of the Peruvian jungle.
He told Andina News Agency that they plan to organize fairs to promote the traditional dishes of Loreto, such as “Iquitos, mucho gusto” food festival, which implementation is coordinated with Peru's Tourism and Export Promotion Board (PromPeru).

He pointed out that in 2010, they will train the restaurants staff in order to improve the customer service, so tourists can recommend this area.

He said that at the end of December 2009, they organized a successful gastronomic fair in Iquitos. “We have an important raw material for a wonderful gastronomy,” he added.

He highlighted some of the traditional dishes of this area of the country, such as Juane con Yuca y Chonta, Cecina con Tacacho, Ichicapi and Patarashca.


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PERU GENERAL INFORMATION

Surface Area
With an area of 1,285,215 square km, Peru is the third-largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina, ranking it amongst the world's 20 largest nations.

Peru also holds sway over the sea up to 200 miles from the Peruvian coast and has territorial rights to an area of 60 million hectares in the Antarctic. Peru is divided into 24 departments. Lima is the capital of Peru.

Population
27.000.000 inhabitants.
- Urban: 72,3 %
- Rural: 27,7 %

Peru is a nation of mixed ethnic origins. Throughout its history, Peru has been the meeting ground for different nations and cultures. The indigenous population was joined 500 years ago by the Spaniards.

As a result of this encounter, and later enriched by the migration of African blacks, Asians and Europeans, Peruvian man emerged as the representative of a nation whose rich ethnic mix is one of its leading characteristics.

Language
- Spanish: 80,3%
- Quechua: 16,2%
- Other languages: 3,0%
- Foreign languages: 0,2%

Currency
The official currency in Peru is the Nuevo Sol (S/.), which is divided into 100 centimos. The currency includes coins for 5, 10, 20 and 50 centimos and 1, 2 and 5 sol coins. There are bills in the denomination of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 Nuevos Soles.

Government
Peru is a democratic republic. The president and members of Congress are elected every five years by universal suffrage. The current constitutional president of Peru is Alan Garcia Pérez (2006-2011).

Religión
Roman Catholic: 89,03%
Evangelical: 6,73%
Other religions: 2,56%
Any Religion: 1.65%

Geography
Peru is divided into three regions: the coast, the highlands and the jungle.
Although this simple division is a fair portrait of Peru's geography, the reality is much richer and far more complex: in Peru, nature appears to have taken on particular characteristics which have turned its mountains, plains, jungles and valleys into unique habitats.
An extraordinary variety of eco-systems shelters a wide diversity of animals and plants.


FACTS ABOUT PERU

Peru: a privileged destination
Heir to ancient cultures and a rich colonial tradition, Perú is a magical spot which involves one of the richest biodiversities of Earth, and is a melting pot of different cultures who together are forging the promise of a better future.

Important hotel infrastructure
Important hotel infrastructure.
- 7.646 lodgings offering 131.624 rooms and 229.886 beds
- 26 five-star hotels, 26 four-star hotels, 487 three-star hotels
- 927 two star-hotels, 411 one star-hotels and 42 logdes.

Accessibility by air and land
- 14 airports equipped to receive commercial flights and 10 ready for international flights: Lima, Arequipa, Chiclayo, Pisco, Pucallpa, Iquitos, Cusco, Trujillo, Tacna and Juliaca.
- 17 airlines operating international flights
- 7 airline companies offering domestic flights
- More than 78,000 kilometers of highways, 8,084.26 of which are asphalted

Archaeological heritage
Ten thousand years of history are lived through 180 museums and historical places. While Peru inevitably evokes images of Machu Picchu and the Inca empire, the country is also riddled with archaeological sites which are a legacy of even more ancient times, when great civilizations bequeathed a legacy of their art, customs and rituals, their wisdom and skills.

Nature and Landscapes
- As home to 84 of the 104 life zones that exist on our plant makes Peru a privileged destination for nature lovers.
- Close to 20% of the worlds birds and 10% of the world's reptiles live here.
- Peru has converted 13% of its territory into Protected Natural Areas.

Festivities and Traditions
Peru is a country that sings and dances in joy and sadness with color and a great deal of paraphernalia. Peruvians celebrate some 3,000 festivals all over the country

Incomparable cuisine
Over 40,000 restaurants across the country reflect the diversity of a nation that has mixed its native traditions with the cuisines of Europe, Arabia, China, Africa and Japan. The result: unique flavours that make Peruvian cuisine one of the best and most varied in the world.

 

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CARAL FULL DAY

Price per person US$420 (PRIVATE SERVICE)
(least 2 people)

Price per person US$ 269 (SHARED SERVICE)

You will be picked up from your hotel early (07.00) in the morning to go on the Caral Guided visit to the City of Caral, located 182 kilometres North of Lima in the Supe Valley, considered to be the most ancient in America, almost as ancient as Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China. The City of Caral is formed by a group of edifications that allow us to witness the great scientific, technological and artistic advances its people achieved; an amazing process of development that took place under a total isolation in opposition to the cultural exchange of the societies of the old continent.
Arrival to the city of Caral. Guided tour inside the city. We will be able to appreciate the macroscopic images of the place, then accompanied by an archaeologist we will visit the different constructions : 6 monumental pyramids, in two of those we can realize the architectural distribution of the first Peruvian civilization and of America. These constructions have an amphitheater, vents of offerings in form to circulate, central squares, residential areas and religious centers.
- Return to the City of Lima
- Transfer to the hotel 19:00aprox

Include

- Private transportation
- Official guide (English / Spanish)
- Entrance tickets
- Lunch

 

 

 

CARAL THE OLDEST TOWN IN THE NEW WORLD

 
 
Sometime before 3200 BC, if not 3500 BC, something happened in the Norte Chico in Peru, an agronomical no-go area, where hardly anything grows. This, however, is the site where the oldest traces of a “genuine civilisation” – pyramids included – were found in America.
Here, at least 25 large ceremonial/residential sites have so far been found, of which Caral has become the most famous. The North Chico, roughly 100 km north of the Peruvian capital Lima, consists of four narrow river valleys, from south to north, the Huaura, Supe, Pativilca, and Fortaleza. The ancient pyramids of Caral predate the Inca civilisation by 4000 years, but were flourishing a century before the pyramids of Gizeh. No surprise therefore that they have been identified as the most important archaeological discovery since the discovery of Machu Picchu in 1911.

 


Caral, the oldest town in the New World


 

The first full-scale archaeological investigation of the region took place in 1941 in Aspero, when Gordon R. Willey and John M. Corbert of Harvard investigated a salt marsh at the mouth of the Supe. They found a big trash heap and a multiroomed building with no pottery and a few maize cobs under the pounded clay floor. They wondered how maize could have been cultivated in a salt marsh and why these people could have agriculture, yet no pottery. Willey and Corbett also found six mounds, some of them nearly five metres tall. They were catalogued as "natural eminences of sand". Thirty years later, Willey, in the company of Michael E. Moseley, revisited the site and realised that these "natural eminences" were in fact "temple-type platform mounds". He also realised there might have been as many as seventeen such mounds, all of which Willey had missed on his first exploration of the site. "It is an excellent, if embarrassing, example of not being able to find what you are not looking for", he commented later. As to its age: carbondating revealed that Aspero could go back to 3000 BC, whereby samples from a nearby site even revealed a date of 4900 BC. Those objective findings were nevertheless seen as impossible - far too old with "what was known" and hence not accepted.
 
Caral is located 14 miles inland from Aspero. Even though Caral was discovered in 1905, it was quickly forgotten as the site rendered no gold or even ceramics. It required the arrival of Ruth Shady Solis in Caral in 1994 before a genuine paradigm shift would occur. She is a member of the Archaeological Museum of the National University of San Marcos in Lima. Since 1996, she has co-operated with Jonathan  Haas, of the American Field Museum. Together, they have found a 150-acre array of earthworks, which includes six large platform mounds, one twenty metres high and more than one hundred on a side. But Shady Solis did not make the same mistake Willey had made: she felt that the “pyramids” were just that: they were not natural hills, as some of her predecessor had catalogued the structures of Caral.
Her subsequent research led to the announcement, in the magazine Science on April 27, 2001, of the carbon dating of the site, which revealed that Caral had been founded before 2600 BC. The "impossible" carbondating results of Aspero now seemed more likely... and Caral had become the oldest city in the "New" World, older than the Gizeh pyramids.

What is Caral like? The site is in fact so old that it predates the ceramic period, the reason why no pottery was found. Its importance resides in its domestication of plants, especially cotton, but also beans, squashes and guava.
As mentioned, the heart of the site covers 150 acres and contains six stone platform mounds – pyramids. The largest mound measures 154 by 138 metres, though it rises only to a height of twenty metres; two sunken plazas are at the base of the mound and a large plaza connects all the mounds. The largest pyramid of Peru was terraced with a staircase leading up to an atrium-like platform, culminating in a flattened top housing enclosed rooms and a ceremonial fire pit. All pyramids were built in one or two phases, which means that there was a definitive plan in erecting these monuments. The design of the central plaza would also later be incorporated in all similar structures across the Andes in the millennia to come – thus showing that Caral was a true cradle of civilisation. Around the pyramids were many residential structures. One house revealed the remains of a body that was buried in the wall and appears to have been a natural death, rather than evidence of human sacrifice. Amongst the artefacts discovered are 32 flutes made from pelican and animal bones, engraved with the figures of birds and monkeys. It shows that though situated along the Pacific coast, its inhabitants were aware of the animals of the Amazon.

iHow did the culture begin? It is suggested that several small villages merged in 2700 BC, quite possibly based on the success of early agricultural cultivation and fishing techniques. The invention of cotton fishing nets, the cotton grown in the Supe valley, must have greatly facilitated the fishing industry. It is believed that this excess of food might have resulted in trade with the religious centres. But apart from an economic model of exchange, the new social model also meant that a labour force existed that had in essence little to do. This labour force could thus be used for “religious purposes”. Caral might have been the natural result of this process – just like the pyramids of Egypt seem to have been the result of an available workforce.
The discovery of Caral has therefore reintroduced a powerful enigma: at the same time, on two different continents, agricultural advancements created a new style of life. The available workforce that agriculture had created was reemployed in the construction of pyramids. This “template” is visible in Peru, Sumer and Egypt, all in the 3rd millennium BC. Coincidence, or evidence of design? Alternative researchers will certainly soon reopen this debate, but archaeologists steer well clear of it.

Caral is indeed hard to accept. It is very old. Still, its dating of 2627 BC is beyond dispute, based as it is on carbondating reed and woven carrying bags that were found in situ. These bags were used to carry the stones that were used for the construction of the pyramids. The material is an excellent candidate for dating, thus allowing for a high precision.
The town itself had a population of approximately 3000 people. But there are 17 other sites in the area, allowing for a possible total population of 20,000 people for the Supe valley. Indeed, the Caral archaeological team broke up to investigate some of the other sites, such as along the Pativilca River, the next river to the north, and the Fortaleza, just north of the Pativilca. All of these sites share similarities with Caral. They have small platforms or stone circles and all were major urban centres on par with Caral – though some of them were even older than Caral. Haas believes that Caral was nevertheless the focus of this civilisation, itself part of an even vaster complex, trading with the coastal communities and the regions further inland – as far as the Amazon, if the depiction of monkeys is any indication

  

In July 2006, Caral was opened for tourism, even though it had already received 7,338 visitors in 2003, 15,265 visitors in 2004 and 21,068 visitors in 2005. With the support of PromPeru, and its location being just two hours north of Lima along the easily accessible Pan-American Highway, this number is expected to rise in the coming years. It will continue to undergo a series of restorations that will provide an added value to the existing and future tourist circuits in the region.
But some of the other sites of Norte Chico are still the almost exclusive bailiwick of archaeologists. One site, Huaricanga, saw a first paper published in December 2004. The team of Haas, Winnifred Creamer and Alvaro Ruiz found evidence of people living inland from the coast as early as 9210 BC, with the oldest date associated with a city being 3500 BC. Other urban sites in the region are now dated as being older than Caral: Caballete at 3100 BC, Porvenir and Upaca at 2700 BC. Charles Mann writes how "individually, none of the twenty-five Norte Chico cities rivaled Sumer's cities in size, but the totality was bigger than Sumer."

Haas describes the civilisation of Norte Chico as the second experiment Mankind did with government: surrendering personal freedom and liberty to a centralised authority, which then apparently decided to create a ritual centre – a city, asking those who had surrendered their freedom to work hard – if not very hard – for this common or greater good. As to why this central government was created, speculation remains. The cities were not sited strategically, nor did they have defensive walls; there was no evidence of warfare. It seems that co-operation existed, because the population realised that co-operation would benefit the individual and the community as a whole. Though Haas and his colleagues put forward several "logical" reasons, Caral is primarily a religious cult centre. And no-one seems to dare to suggest the perhaps obvious reason: that these people built Caral, because of their belief and adoration of one or more deities.
That the workforce involved were not slaves or oppressed is supported by the archaeological evidence. Haas and Creamer believe that the city rulers encouraged the workforce during construction by staging celebratory roasts of fish and achira root. Afterward, the remains of these feasts were worked into the fabric of the mound. Alcohol is suspected of having been consumed, and music seems to have been played: at Caral, Shady's discovery of 32 flutes made of pelican wingbones tucked into a recess in the main temple provides the evidence for that conclusion.
The creation of a religous complex implies the existence of a pantheon. Little evidence has been uncovered of what these gods may have been, other than a drawing etched into the face of a gourd, dated to 2280-2180 BC. It depicts a sharp-toothed, hat-wearing figure who holds a long stick or rod in each hand. The image looks like an early version of the Staff God, a fanged, staff-wielding deity who is one of the main characters in the Andean pantheon, the deity that is figured prominently on the Gateway of the Sun in Tiahuanaco, on the shores of Lake Titicaca.

For an unknown reason, Caral was abandoned rapidly after a period of 500 years (ca. 2100 BC). The preferred theory as to why the people migrated is that the region was hit by a drought, forcing the inhabitants to go elsewhere in search of fertile plains. The fact that the Staff God is found two millennia later elsewhere in Southern America shows that these people did not disappear; they merely moved elsewhere, and seem to have built other religious centres on their travels.
The harsh living conditions have since not disappeared. According to the World Monuments Fund (WMF), Caral is one of the 100 important sites under extreme danger. Shady argues that if the existing pyramids are not reinforced, they will disintegrate further and money from tourism, as well as private donations, will help preserve the site. Conservation will go hand in hand with exploration. And though Caral continues to steal the limelight, other nearby sites, such as Aspero, are older. Indeed, Aspero might one day lay claim to the title of the world's oldest city – the place where human civilisation began. Perhaps we might all once realise the irony of having labelled this continent the "New World".
Solis came to Caral looking for the fabled missing link of archaeology, a “mother city”. Today, she is still trying to convince people that Caral was indeed the oldest urban civilisation in the world. "The discovery of Caral challenged the accepted beliefs. Some historians were not ready to believe that an urban civilisation existed in Peru even before the pyramids were built in Egypt," she says. "This place is somewhere between the seat of the gods and the home of man."

CARAL THE OLDEST TOWN IN THE NEW WORLD


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PERU VACATIONS: PERU TOURS PACKAGES

Lima and Machu Picchu 5 Days 4 Nighs
Lima city tour: Huaca Pucllana, an archaeological precinct; Lima Downtown: mayor square, Convento San Francisco y Catacumbas, El Olivar en San isidro, Larco Mar en Miraflores - Cusco city tour and visit a: mayor square, the Cathedral, Koricancha; 4 local archeological sites: Sacsayhuamán, Quenco, Puca Pucara y Tambomachay - Machu Picchu excursion Guide tour to the lost city of the inkas. Vistadome train service
...(more)

Cultural Peru 6 Days 5 Nights
Lima city tour: Huaca Pucllana, an archaeological precinct; Lima Downtown: mayor square, Convento San Francisco y Catacumbas, El Olivar en San isidro, Larco Mar en Miraflores - Cusco city tour and visit a: mayor square, the Cathedral, Koricancha; 4 local archeological sites: Sacsayhuamán, Quenco, Puca Pucara y Tambomachay; Sacred Valley: village and Indian market of Pisac, Ollantaytambo fortress and Chinchero Market - Machu Picchu excursión, Guide tour to the lost city of the inkas. Vistadome train service
...(more)

Lima Cusco and Machu Picchu 7 Days 6 nights
Lima city tour: Huaca Pucllana, an archaeological precinct; Lima Downtown: mayor square, Convento San Francisco y Catacumbas, El Olivar en San isidro, Larco Mar en Miraflores - Cusco city tour and visit a: mayor square, the Cathedral, Koricancha; 4 local archeological sites: Sacsayhuamán, Quenco, Puca Pucara y Tambomachay; Sacred Valley: village and Indian market of Pisac, Ollantaytambo fortress and Chinchero Market - Cusco, Aguas Calientes, Machu Picchu 2days/1night, Guide tour to the lost city of the inkas. Vistadome train service, overnight in Aguas Calientes
...(more)

Archeological Peru 8 Days 7 nights
Lima - Pachacamac ancient Pre-Columbian ruins - Flight over the mysterious Nazca Lines - Cusco city tour and visit a: mayor square, the Cathedral, Koricancha; 4 local archeological sites: Sacsayhuamán, Quenco, Puca Pucara y Tambomachay - Sacred Valley: village and Indian market of Pisac, Ollantaytambo fortress and Chinchero Market - Machu Picchu excursión, Guide tour to the lost city of the inkas. Vistadome train service
...(more)

Peru Short Adventure 9 Days 8 nights
Lima - Cusco city tour and visit a: mayor square, the Cathedral, Koricancha; 4 local archeological sites: Sacsayhuamán, Quenco, Puca Pucara y Tambomachay - Sacred Valley village and Indian market of Pisac, Ollantaytambo fortress and Chinchero Market - Machu Picchu excursion, Inka trail 2/1 our hike from km 104, visit to Wiñayhuayna, Overnight in Aguas Calientes,Guide tour to the lost city of the inkas - Cusco, Horse Back Riding half day (Sacsayhuaman, Q´enko, Puca Pucara, and temple of Tambomachay) - Puerto Maldonado 3/2, Transfer and overnight to Wasai Lodge; Tambopata River And Macaws Travel up the Tambopata River for an hour, Observation of nature in Bahuaja-Sonene National Park, Observation of Macaws, Night excursion to search for caimans
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Machu Picchu and The Titicaca Lake 9 Days 8 nights
Lima - Cusco city tour and visit a: mayor square, the Cathedral, Koricancha; 4 local archeological sites: Sacsayhuamán, Quenco, Puca Pucara - Sacred Valley, village and Indian market of Pisac, Ollantaytambo fortress and Chinchero Market - Machu Picchu excursión, Guide tour to the lost city of the inkas. Vistadome train service - Puno: visit the floating islands of Uros, Taquile island; Titicaca Sun Island full day.- Puno, Copacabana, Sun Island, Inti Wata Complex, Copacabana, Puno
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Discovering Peru 25 Days 24 nights
Lima city tour, Lima Downtown - Chiclayo, visit to Huaca Rajada, the Royal Tombs of Sipan Museum - Trujillo, travel by private car or bus, visit the Temples of the Sun and Moon, Trujillo city tour, royal palace complex of Chan Chan, visit to Huanchaco beach - Lima - Paracas - Nazca, excursion to the Ballestas islands, Transfer to Nazca by private transportation( 3 hours), Nazca Lines Overflight for half an hour visit to the Chauchilla cemetery - Arequipa city tour, Colca Canyon excursion, overnight in Colca Valley, Condor Cross - Cusco, city tour and visit a 4 local archeological sites - Sacred Valley - Machupicchu excursión , Guide tour to the lost city of the inkas, Overnight in Aguas Calientes - Cusco - Puno, visit the floating islands of Uros, Visit to Taquile island, Titicaca Sun Island full day -Lima - Iquitos, Explorama Lodge, Canopy Walkway - Lima
...(more)

Short Combination, Lima, Nazca Lines, Cusco, Machu Picchu and Manu Cloud Forest 11 Days 10 nights
Lima - Nazca Lines Overflight for half an hour - Cusco, city tour - Sacred Valley village and Indian market of Pisac, Ollantaytambo fortress and Chinchero Market - Machu Picchu excursion, Inka trail 2/1 Overnight in Aguas Calientes, Guide tour to the lost city of the inkas, Horse Back Riding half day(Sacsayhuaman, Q´enko, Puca Pucara, and temple of Tambomachay) - Manu cloud forest 3/2 - Cusco - Lima
...(more)

Incas Empire 14 Days 13 nights
Lima - Arequipa City Tour, private service, Colca Canyon 2d/1n, Condor Cross - Arequipa - Cusco, city tour - Sacred Valley - Machu Picchu excursión, Guide tour to the lost city of the inkas. Vistadome train service - Cusco - Puno, Uros and Taquile
...(more)

Peru adventure Extensive 14 Days 13 nights
Lima - Puerto Maldonado 3/2 Transfer to Wasai Lodge, Tambopata River And Macaws Travel up the Tambopata River for an hour, Observation of nature in Bahuaja-Sonene National Park, Observation of Macaws, Night excursion to search for caimans - Cusco, city tour and visit a: mayor square, the Cathedral, Koricancha, 4 local archeological sites: Sacsayhuamán, Quenco, Puca Pucara y Tambomachay. Inca Trail To Machu Picchu 4Days 3nights Cusco - Puno, visit the floating islands of Uros, Visit to Taquile island - Lima
...(more)

Lima Canopy Walkway and Machupicchu 8 Days 7 nights
Lima city tour, Lima Downtown: mayor square, Convento San Francisco y Catacumbas, El Olivar en San isidro, Larco Mar en Miraflores - Iquitos, the Explorama dock, Fifty mile journey down the Amazon River to Yanamonohike along the "Lake Trail" through lowland rainforest (in boat during the high season), Morning walk along the "Bushmaster Trail", boat trip along the Amazon in search of either of the two species of freshwater dolphin, Morning walk along a local river trail with stops along the way, visit the "ribereños" - Lima - Cusco, city tour - Machu Picchu excursion/fullday, Guide tour to the lost city of the inkas in Vistadome
...(more)

Lima and the Incas land 9 Days 8 nights
Lima - Cusco, city tour and visit a: mayor square, the Cathedral, Koricancha 4 local archeological sites: Sacsayhuamán, Quenco, Puca Pucara y Tambomachay, Sacred Valley - Inca Trail To Machupicchu - 4Days 3nights travel by bus to the Km 82 (sacred valley), hike to Llulluchapampa camp at Huayllabamba, Warmiwañusca (4,200 m. alt.), camp along the river Pacamayo at the bottom of the pass, Hike towards Runku Rakay (3,800 masl.), hrough a dense cloud forest to Wiña Wayna passing many Inca ruins on the way, Overnight in Wiñayhuayna, rise very early so that we may watch the sunrise from Inti Punku, Guided tour in “The lost City of the inkas”, Overnight at the hotel in Aguas Calientes - Lima
...(more)

Lima, Cusco, Machu Picchu and Galapagos Islands 15Days 14 Nights
Lima city tour, Lima Downtown: mayor square, Convento San Francisco y Catacumbas, El Olivar en San isidro, Larco Mar en Miraflores - Lima - Cusco, city tour and visit a: mayor square, the Cathedral, Koricancha 4 local archeological sites: Sacsayhuamán, Quenco, Puca Pucara y Tambomachay, Sacred Valley Pisac, Ollantaytambo y Chicheros, Machu Picchu 2 days 1 night by train - Lima to Quito, Departure from Quito or Guayaquil to Baltra, Galapagos islands, Santa Cruz, Española, Floreana, North Seymour, Rabida, Fernandina, Bartolome, Charles Darwin Research Station
...(more)


 


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We will help you to discover the Andes, the virgin rainforest in the south
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Travel to Peru, explore the amazing sites of Machu Picchu, Choquequirao, Sillustani or Kuelap, fly over the Nazca Lines, explore the Manu rainforest, navigate the Titicaca Lake or walk the Inca Trail. Practice your favorite adventure sport on the coast, rivers or mountains or enjoy the wide variety of flora and fauna of the Peruvian Amazon jungle.

Ecology and untouched nature travel opportunities. Come with us to explore and enjoy the wilderness our country offers the traveller.

Because of its coast, desert, jungle and highlands, Peru offers many adventure travel options. Andean Rock and Mountain Climbing, Scuba Diving the Pacific Ocean blue waters, Trekking the Inca trails, Rafting the Andean rivers, Mountain biking trips, Surfing the waves of the Pacific Ocean and many other adventure travel options in Peru... Come with us to find out what Peru can offer


While Peru inevitably evokes images of Machu Picchu and the Inca empire, the country is also riddled with archaeological sites which are a legacy of even more ancient times, when great civilizations bequeathed a legacy of their art, customs and rituals, their wisdom and skills.

The Inca empire was a recent arrival during the process of cultural development in the Andes during the pre-Hispanic era, and the history of the Incas barely accounts for a century within the 20,000 years of human occupation of Peruvian territory.

Much earlier than the Incas and while civilizations like the Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Indian, and Chinese (3000 and 2000 B.C.) flourished, the city of Caral, located north of the city of Lima-Peru, was built; this was the first American expression of a Pre-Ceramic urban settlement with monumental architecture in an area greater than 10 hectares. Later, in the northern highlands, the Chavin (800 – 200 B.C.) achieved significant advances in architecture, engineering, and agriculture.

The Chavín civilization (1500-400 BC) achieved considerable prowess in architecture, engineering and agriculture in the northern highlands. Along the north coast, the Moche civilization (200 BC-700 AD) is famous for its realistic pottery (portraits carved into pots and gourds) and its pyramid-shaped temples. The same area was later controlled by the Chimú kingdom (900-1450 AD), who built Chan Chan, an immense mud-brick citadel featuring 12-meter-high walls and superb architectural work.

To the south, the Nazca people (200 BC-900 AD) etched an impressive series of figures etched into the desert floor known as the Nazca Lines, while graves belonging to the Paracas culture (800 BC-600 AD) have unearthed superb weavings which point to the magical and religious vision that governed the lives of this ancient civilization.

Centuries later, the Incas (1300-1500 AD) were to make Cusco the center of their empire, building major constructions such as Sacsayhuaman, Pisac and Koricancha. It is here that myth and history merge, where the Inca roads, the towns, people and traditions are a living example of the Andean spirit, sacred and monumental.

Peruvian Tours is a specialist tour operator, offering a wide variety of tours and services throughout Peru. With many years experience in the tourism industry, our staff offer a highly professional and personalised service.

Our expert services include airport transfers, domestic air ticketing, land travel, a complete hotel reservation service from luxury to tourist class hotels, excursions, multilingual guides.

Discover why Peru is for many the heart of South America's greatest civilizations!. Let us show you our country!

Peru Tours - Peru Travel - Peruvian Tours - Peru Vacation


 


PERU GENERAL INFORMATION

Peru general information
| Peru history | Peru geography | Peru population | Peru economy

MAIN CITIES OF PERU

Lima | Cusco | Puno | Arequipa | Puerto Maldonado, Iquitos

PERU TOURS

LIMA
Lima city of kings, City Tour, Pachacamac
CUSCO AND MACHU PICCHU
Adventure Programs
The lost city of the incas / River Rafting full day / Horse back riding
Cultural Tours
Cusco city of inkas 3/2 / Cusco city of inkas 4/3 / Machupicchu extensive
Trekking in Cusco
inca trail 2/1 / inca trail 4/3 / inca trail 5/4 / choquequirao 5/4 / ausangate 7/6
THE JUNGLE
Manu National Park
manu wildlife center 4/3
/ manu wildlife center 5/4 / manu the bio trip 6/5
Manu Cultural Zone 4/3 / Manu Reserver Zone 8/7
Puerto Maldonado Sandoval and hearth river
sandoval programs / heath river programs

IQUITOS
Iquitos ceiba exploranapo explortambo / Iquitos ceiba tops and canopy walkway
Iquitos explorama lodge and canopy walkway
AREQUIPA
Arequipa the white city / Colca Canyon 2/1
SIPAN CHAN CHAN
Chiclayo_and Trujillo

NAZCA LINES
Nazca Lines, Cusco, Machu Picchu / Ica, Paracas and the Nazca Lines

PUNO - BOLIVIA
Titicaca catamarans / Lima, Cusco, Machu Picchu, Puno, La Paz / Lima, Machu Picchu, Puno, La Paz, Oruro, Salar de Uyuni
PERU - ARGENTINA
Peru Argentina Tours

Contact

Make your own trip
Peru travel tips, Useful information
Machu Picchu New 7 Wonders - Photo Gallery / Peru Tours Google Earth
Peru Photo Gallery / Peru Videos / Peru Map / Nazca Lines Google Earth
Peru Tours / Peru Travel / Add URL
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Peruvian Tours y Servicios S.A.C.
PERU TRAVEL AGENCY - PERU TOUR OPERATOR
www.peruvian-tours.com

phone : 051-1-4365663 / 051-1-4363887
cel : 051-1-993557470


Los Tallanes 160 Salamanca de Monterrico - Lima - Perú

PERU TOURS - PERU VACATIONS
PERU TRAVEL - PERU REISEN - PÉROU VOYAGE - PERÙ VIAGGI VIAJES AL PERÚ - PERU VIAGEM - ペルー旅行 - 秘鲁旅游

 

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PERU
NEWS

Machu Picchu and Easter Island
MACHU PICCHU EASTER ISLAND

Peru Photo Gallery
PERU PHOTO GALLERY

Inca Trail, Cusco to Machu Picchu
MACHU PICCHU INCA TRAIL TOUR

Lima, Cusco, Machu Picchu, Puno, Titicaca Lake, La Paz, Oruro, Salar de Uyuni
TOURS PERU - BOLIVIA

Peru vacations, Machu Picchu, Cusco, Nazca Lines
NAZCA LINES - CUSCO MACHU PICCHU TOURS

Chan Chan, Lord of Sipan
CHICLAYO AND TRUJILLO TOURS

Lima, City of the Kings
LIMA, CITY OF THE KINGS


AREQUIPA AND
COLCA CANYON

Maras and Moray

Caral, The oldest town in the New World
CARAL: THE OLDEST TOWN IN THE NEW WORLD

links

Add Travel URL

Google Earth, Machu Picchu, Pisac, Ollantaytambo

Google Earth, Nazca Lines coordinates

MOST VISITED PLACES IN PERU
- Lima
- Cusco
- Arequipa
- Puno
- Iquitos
- Pto. Maldonado
- Chiclayo
- Trujillo
- Ica
- Machu Picchu
- Tambopata
- Manu
- Nazca

 


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